Saturday, October 12, 2013

Winter Vegetables for Northern Florida Gardens

 Here's a list of the cool season (fall) vegetables commonly grown in Florida home gardens from the University of Florida IFAS Extension. Included are Suggested Varieties, Plant Family, Harvest Information, and Helpful Comments.

Suggested varieties are based on availability, performance and pest resistance. Other varieties may produce well also.

In column 2 in the chart below the plant families are named to help practice crop rotation. Avoid planting family members following each other

Column 3 in the chart is a transplantability rating: I, easily survives transplanting; II survives with care; III, use seeds or containerized transplants only.Column 4 is pounds of yield per 100' row

Column 5 is days from seeding to harvest. The values in parentheses are days from transplanting to first harvest.

 
COOL SEASON VEGETABLES
 
Beets
 
Early Wonder, Detroit Dark Red, Cylindra, Red Ace, Little Ball
 
Chenopodiaceae
 
I
 
75
 
50-65
 
Comment: Beets require ample moisture at seeding or poor emergence results. Leaves edible
 
Broccoli
 
Early Green Sprouting, Waltham 29, Atlantic,Green Comet, Green Duke
 
Cruciferae
 
I
 
50
 
75-90
(55-70)
 
Harvest small multiple sideshoots that develop after main central head is cut.
 
Cabbage
 
Gourmet, Marion Market, King Cole, Market Prize, Red Acre, Chieftan Savoy, Rio Verde,Bravo
 
Cruciferae
 
I
 
125
 
90-110
(70-90)
 
Comment: Buy clean plants to avoid cabbage black-rot, a common bacterial disease that causes yellow patches on leaf margins. Keep an eye out for loopers, use Bt for control.
 
Carrots
 
Imperator, Thumbelina, Nantes, Gold Pak, Waltham Hicolor, Orlando Gold
 
Umbelliferae
 
II
 
100
 
65-80
 
Comment: Grow carrots on a raised bed for best results. Sow seeds shallow and thin to proper stand.
 
Cauliflower
 
Snowball Strains, Snowdrift, Imperial 10-6, Snow Crown, White Rock
 
Cruciferae
 
I
 
80
 
75-90
(55-70)
 
Comment: Tie leaves around flowerhead at 2-3 inch diameter stage to prevent discoloration. For green heads, grow broccoflower.
 
Celery
 
Utah Strains, Florida Strains, Summer Pascal
 
Umbelliferae
 
II
 
150
 
115-125
(80-105)
 
Comment: Celery requires very high soil moisture during seeding/seedling stage.
 
Chinese Cabbage
 
Michihili, Wong Bok, Bok Choy, Napa
 
Cruciferae
 
I
 
100
 
70-90
(60-70)
 
Comment: Bok Choy is open-leaf type,while Michihili and Napa form round heads.
 
Collards
 
Georgia, Vates, Blue Max, Hicrop Hybrid
 
Cruciferae
 
I
 
150
 
70-80
(40-60)
 
Comment: Tolerates more heat than most other crucifers. Harvest lower leaves. Kale may also be grown.
 
Endive/Escarole
 
Florida Deep Heart, Full Heart, Ruffec
 
Compositae
 
I
 
75
 
80-95
 
Comment: Excellent ingredient in tossed salads. Well adapted to cooler months.
 
Kohlrabi
 
Early White Vienna, Grand Duke, Purple Vienna
 
Cruciferae
 
I
 
100
 
70-80
(50-55)
 
Comment: Both red and green varieties are easily grown. Use fresh or cooked. Leaves edible.
 
Lettuce
 
Crisp: Minetto, Ithaca, Fulton, Floricrisp. Butterhead: Bibb, White Boston, Tom Thumb. Leaf: Prize Head, Red Sails, Salad Bowl. Romaine: Parris Island Cos, Valmaine, Floricos.
 
Compositae
 
I
 
75
 
50-90
(40-70)
 
Grow crisphead type in coolest part of season for firmer heads. Sow seeds very shallow, as they need light for germination. Intercrop lettuce with long-season vegetables.
 
Mustard
 
Southern Giant Curled, Florida Broad Leaf, Tendergreen
 
Cruciferae
 
II
 
100
 
40-60
 
Consider planting in a wide-row system. Broadleaf type requires more space. Cooked as "greens".
 
Onions
 
Bulbing: Excel, Texas Grano, Granex, White Granex, Tropicana Red Bunching: White Portugal, Evergreen, Beltsville Bunching, Perfecto Blanco
Multipliers: Shallots

 
Amaryllidaceae
 
III
 
100100100
 
120-160
(110-120)
50-75
(30-40)
(30-40)
 
Comment: Plant short-day bulbing varieties. For bunching onions, insert sets upright for straight stems. For multipliers, divide and reset. Bulbing onions may be seeded in the fall, then transplanted in early spring (Jan-Feb). `Granex' used for Vidalia and St. Augustine Sweets.
 
Parsley
 
Moss Curled, Perfection, Italian
 
Umbelliferae
 
II
 
40
 
70-90
 
Comment: Grow parsley root similarly (Hamburg type). Curly and plain types do well.
 
Peas, English
 
Wando, Green Arrow, Laxton's Progress, Sugar Snap, Oregon Sugar.
 
Leguminoseae
 
III
 
40
 
50-70
 
Comment: Edible podded type are "Oregon" (flat) and "Sugar Snap" (round) - be sure to trellis.
 
Potatoes
 
Sebago, Red Pontiac, Atlantic, Red LaSoda, LaRouge, Superior
 
Solanaceae
 
II
 
150
 
85-110
 
Comment: Plant 2-ounce seed pieces with eyes. Do not use table-stock for seed. Remove tops two weeks before digging to "toughen skin." Varieties planted by seeds produce less than from tubers.
 
Radish
 
Cherry Belle, Comet, Early Scarlet Globe, White Icicle, Sparkler, Red Prince, Champion, Snowbelle
 
Cruciferae
 
III
 
40
 
20-30
 
Comment: The winter type (Daikon) grows well in Florida, too. Inter-crop summer type with slow growing vegetables to save space.
 
Spinach
 
Virginia Savoy, Melody, Bloomsdale Longstanding, Tyee, Olympia
 
Chenopodiaceae
 
II
 
40
 
45-60
 
Comment: Grow during coolest months. Malabar spinach is a more prolific type that grows well in Florida.
 
Strawberry
 
Florida 90, Chandler, Dover, Florida Belle, Oso Grande, Sweet Charlie, Selva
 
Rosaceae
 
I
 
50
 
(90-110)
 
Comment: Plant short-day varieties. Grow as an annual crop starting with disease-free plants in the fall.
 
Turnips
 
Roots/Tops: Purple-Top White Globe, Just RiteTops: All Top
 
Cruciferae
 
III
 
150
 
40-60
 
Comment: Grow for roots and tops. Broadcast seed in wide-row system or single file. 


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